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ERIC Number: EJ1067691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
The Masked Semantic Priming Effect Is Task Dependent: Reconsidering the Automatic Spreading Activation Process
de Wit, Bianca; Kinoshita, Sachiko
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n4 p1062-1075 Jul 2015
Semantic priming effects are popularly explained in terms of an automatic spreading activation process, according to which the activation of a node in a semantic network spreads automatically to interconnected nodes, preactivating a semantically related word. It is expected from this account that semantic priming effects should be routinely observed when the prime identity is veiled from conscious awareness, but the extant literature on masked semantic priming effects is notoriously mixed. The authors use the same prime--target pairs in the lexical decision task and the semantic categorization task and show that although masking the prime eliminates the semantic priming effect in lexical decision, reliable semantic priming effects are observed with both masked and unmasked primes in the semantic categorization task. The authors explain this task dependence in terms of their account of semantic priming effects based on notions of evidence accumulation and source confusion and support their account by means of reaction time distribution analyses.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia