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ERIC Number: EJ1067675
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
How Does Creating a Concept Map Affect Item-Specific Encoding?
Grimaldi, Phillip J.; Poston, Laurel; Karpicke, Jeffrey D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n4 p1049-1061 Jul 2015
Concept mapping has become a popular learning tool. However, the processes underlying the task are poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the effect of creating a concept map on the processing of item-specific information. In 2 experiments, subjects learned categorized or ad hoc word lists by making pleasantness ratings, sorting words into categories, or creating a concept map. Memory was tested using a free recall test and a recognition memory test, which is considered to be especially sensitive to item-specific processing. Typically, tasks that promote item-specific processing enhance free recall of categorized lists, relative to category sorting. Concept mapping resulted in lower recall performance than both the pleasantness rating and category sorting condition for categorized words. Moreover, concept mapping resulted in lower recognition memory performance than the other 2 tasks. These results converge on the conclusion that creating a concept map disrupts the processing of item-specific information.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indiana
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: DUE-0941170; DRL- 1149363; R305A110903