ERIC Number: EJ1067653
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Extracurricular Activities and Bullying Perpetration: Results from a Nationally Representative Sample
Riese, Alison; Gjelsvik, Annie; Ranney, Megan L.
Journal of School Health, v85 n8 p544-551 Aug 2015
Background: Bullying is a widespread problem for school-aged children and adolescents. Interventions to reduce bullying are not well disseminated. Extracurricular involvement is, however, common. This study aims to examine the relationship between parent-reported participation in extracurricular activities and bullying perpetration. Methods: Using the 2011 National Survey of Children's Health, 62,215 interviews with parents of children 6 to 17 were analyzed. Extracurricular categories of sports only, sports + nonsport, nonsport only, and no activities were based on parental response to questions regarding sport teams/lessons, clubs, and organizations. Bullying was derived from report of the child "bullying or being cruel/mean to others." Weighted bivariate analyses, logistic regression, and sex/race/ethnicity/age stratified analyses were conducted. Results: Eighty percent of children participated in extracurricular activities: 8% sports, 48% sports + nonsports, and 24% nonsports. Bullying perpetration was reported in 15% of the sample. Compared with those not participating in extracurricular activities, the odds of bullying were significantly lower for children who participated in sports + nonsports (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-0.79) and nonsport only (AOR 0.82, 95% CI 0.70-0.97). Stratified analyses showed attenuated effects of extracurricular activities for boys and for Hispanics. Conclusions: Children who participate in a variety of extracurricular activities exhibit the least frequent bullying perpetration.
Descriptors: Bullying, Extracurricular Activities, Correlation, Parents, Participation, National Surveys, Interviews, Children, Adolescents, Athletics, Recreational Activities, Clubs, Youth Programs, Peer Relationship, Statistical Analysis, Age Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Comparative Analysis, Victims, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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