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ERIC Number: EJ1067620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Correlates to Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Status and Willingness to Vaccinate in Low-Income Philadelphia High School Students
Bass, Sarah B.; Leader, Amy; Shwarz, Michelle; Greener, Judith; Patterson, Freda
Journal of School Health, v85 n8 p527-535 Aug 2015
Background: Little is known about the correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination or willingness to be vaccinated in urban, minority adolescents. Methods: Using responses to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey in Philadelphia, a random sample of high schools provided weighted data representing 20,941 9th to 12th graders. Stratified by either having had or willingness to have the vaccine, bivariate analysis with sexual behavior, preventive health behaviors, mental health, substance use, and demographic characteristics were examined and then multivariable regression models were developed to estimate significant correlates. Results: Respondents were 52.3% female, 84.4% non-White, and 65.9% =16 years; 43% reported having had the HPV vaccine, and of those not vaccinated, 66% reported willingness to be vaccinated. Logistic regression models indicate that females (odds ratio [OR] = 3.12, p < 0.01) and those reporting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing (OR = 2.10, p < 0.01) were more likely to be vaccinated. Those reporting condom use during last intercourse (OR = 0.40; p = 0.05) and current marijuana use (OR = 0.37; p = 0.03) were less likely to indicate willingness to be vaccinated. Conclusions: Important areas for intervention include addressing misconceptions or feelings of "immunity," especially for those using condoms. Understanding the correlation between HIV testing and HPV vaccination is also an important intervention opportunity for schools hoping to increase adolescent vaccination rates.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1U87PS004152-01