ERIC Number: EJ1067611
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Examination of Substance Use, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors on Student Academic Test Score Performance
Arthur, Michael W.; Brown, Eric C.; Briney, John S.; Hawkins, J. David; Abbott, Robert D.; Catalano, Richard F.; Becker, Linda; Langer, Michael; Mueller, Martin T.
Journal of School Health, v85 n8 p497-507 Aug 2015
Background: School administrators and teachers face difficult decisions about how best to use school resources to meet academic achievement goals. Many are hesitant to adopt prevention curricula that are not focused directly on academic achievement. Yet, some have hypothesized that prevention curricula can remove barriers to learning and, thus, promote achievement. We examined relationships among school levels of student substance use and risk and protective factors that predict adolescent problem behaviors and achievement test performance. Methods: Hierarchical generalized linear models were used to predict associations involving school-averaged levels of substance use and risk and protective factors and students' likelihood of meeting achievement test standards on the Washington Assessment of Student Learning, statistically controlling for demographic and economic factors known to be associated with achievement. Results: Levels of substance use and risk/protective factors predicted the academic test score performance of students. Many of these effects remained significant even after controlling for model covariates. Conclusions: Implementing prevention programs that target empirically identified risk and protective factors has the potential to have a favorable effect on students' academic achievement.
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Academic Achievement, Prevention, Barriers, Curriculum, Correlation, Prediction, Behavior Problems, Achievement Tests, Scores, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, State Standards, Program Implementation, Resource Allocation, Educational Administration
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH); National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Washington Assessment of Student Learning
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 DA015183