ERIC Number: EJ1067592
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 9
An Operationally Simple Sonogashira Reaction for an Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory Class
Cranwell, Philippa B.; Peterson, Alexander M.; Littlefield, Benjamin T. R.; Russell, Andrew T.
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n6 p1110-1114 Jun 2015
An operationally simple, reliable, and cheap Sonogashira reaction suitable for an undergraduate laboratory class that can be completed within a day-long (8 h) laboratory session has been developed. Cross-coupling is carried out between 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-ol and various aryl iodides using catalytic amounts of bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) dichloride, with copper(I) iodide as a cocatalyst, in triethylamine at room temperature, so a range of products can be prepared within a single group and results compared. The coupling itself is usually complete within 1.5 h and is easily monitored by TLC, leaving up to 6 h for purification and characterization. Purification is by "mini flash column chromatography" through a plug of silica encased in the barrel of a plastic syringe, so the procedure is amenable to large class sizes.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Study, College Science, Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry, Science Laboratories, Laboratory Experiments, Science Experiments, Spectroscopy, Scientific Concepts
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A