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ERIC Number: EJ1067562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1927-6044
Factors Contributing to Research Team Effectiveness: Testing a Model of Team Effectiveness in an Academic Setting
Omar, Zoharah; Ahmad, Aminah
International Journal of Higher Education, v3 n3 p10-26 2014
Following the classic systems model of inputs, processes, and outputs, this study examined the influence of three input factors, team climate, work overload, and team leadership, on research project team effectiveness as measured by publication productivity, team member satisfaction, and job frustration. This study also examined the mediating effect of a process factor, team commitment. The sample comprised 292 faculty members of four research universities in Malaysia. The respondents were asked to consider one research project in which they were involved either as a project leader or team member when completing the questionnaire. The results of the study demonstrated that there were direct relationships only between team climate and team member satisfaction (ß = 0.265, p < 0.05) work overload and team member frustration ß = 0.381 p < 0.05), and team leadership and team member satisfaction (ß = 0.200, p < 0.05). Team commitment had a full or partial mediation effect on the relationships between team climate and research productivity (ß = 0.335, p < 0.05) and team member satisfaction (ß = 0.235, p < 0.05) and team member frustration (ß = -0.217, p < 0.05). Team commitment only showed a statistically significant mediating effect on the relationship between work overload and research productivity (ß = -0.043, p < 0.05) and team member satisfaction (ß = 0.030, p < 0.05), and on the relationship between team leadership and research productivity (ß = 0.335, p < 0.05). These findings suggest that different input factors influence different aspects of team effectiveness and that team climate is a key input factor that influences team effectiveness through team commitment as a process factor in an academic setting. The results of this study provide a potentially useful framework following the classical systems model of input-process-output for the establishment of effective research project teams in an academic setting.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A