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ERIC Number: EJ1067555
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 2
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0894-3907
Critical Thinking: Intellectual Standards Essential to Reasoning well within Every Domain of Human Thought, Part 3
Elder, Linda; Paul, Richard
Journal of Developmental Education, v37 n2 p32-33 Win 2013
In the last two columns in this critical thinking series we briefly introduced and discussed the concept of intellectual standards in connection with natural languages. We presented nine essential intellectual standards: clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, logicalness, significance, and fairness. These nine intellectual standards are part of a much broader set of intellectual standards found in all natural languages. Natural, or ordinary, languages are those languages we speak every day and are to be distinguished from technical languages such as those developed in mathematics, formal logic, and other specialized fields. Throughout recorded history, scholars within disciplines and skilled thinkers in all parts of human life have applied universal intellectual standards to human reasoning, at differing levels and to varying degrees. The concept of criticality itself presupposes adherence to relevant intellectual standards (such as accuracy, relevance, logic, and so forth). In this column, we briefly analyze the concept of intellectual standards as an intellectual construct. Further, we explore the important realization that though humans routinely use standards to determine what to believe and how to act, these standards are not always intellectual in nature. [See EJ1067273 for Part 1, and EJ1067269 for Part 2.]
National Center for Developmental Education. Appalachian State University, P.O. Box 32098, Boone, NC 28608-2098. Tel: 828-262-3057; Fax: 828-262-7183; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A