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ERIC Number: EJ1067171
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
Phantom Recollection of Bridging and Elaborative Inferences
Singer, Murray; Spear, Jackie
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v52 n5-6 p356-375 2015
The phantom recollection model is a multiprocess analysis according to which memory judgments are collaboratively supported by one's recollection of an item in its context, a vaguer sense of stimulus familiarity, and the phantom recollection of the substance and even perceptual details of unstudied but related lures. Phantom recollection has previously been documented to support readers' judgments of certain logical implications of sentences and discourse bridging inferences. This study evaluated the representational status of elaborative inferences in a comparable way. Subjects read blocks of brief passages and then judged explicit, bridging inference, elaborative inference, and control test items. Different subject groups were instructed to make their judgments with (1) a verbatim criterion, or (2) a gist criterion or (3) to accept only items implied but not stated in their passages. Multinomial tree processing analysis was applied to the data. Consistent with numerous other behavioral measures, these procedures provided evidence of phantom recollection support for bridging but not elaborative inferences. This outcome bears on the representational basis of elaborative inferences. The merits but also some hazards of the present methodology are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A