ERIC Number: EJ1066035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Standardized Patient Encounters and Individual Case-Based Simulations Improve Students' Confidence and Promote Reflection: A Preliminary Study
Walker, Stacy; Weidner, Thomas; Armstrong, Kirk J.
Athletic Training Education Journal, v10 n2 p130-137 Apr-Jun 2015
Context: Simulations and standardized patient (SP) encounters are used to provide clinical experiences for students. In athletic training, no research has examined the perceived educational benefits of these interventions. Objective: To explore athletic training students' perceptions regarding small group SP encounters and individual case-based simulations (CBSs). Design: Grounded theory. Setting: One midwestern university. Patients or Other Participants: Nine athletic training students (3 males, 6 females; 20 ± 0.833 years old) who enrolled in a lower extremity orthopaedic evaluation course during their first or second semester in an athletic training program. Main Outcome Measure(s): Semistructured interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using open coding and axial and selective coding (ie, to develop themes/threads). To ensure trustworthiness, we used member checks and peer debriefing. Results: For both the small group SP counter and individual CBS, 2 themes emerged: (1) reflection-on-specific action and (2) increased confidence. Participants reflected on both experiences when providing patient care. Participants felt that both encounters could improve their confidence with regard to future clinical evaluations. Specific to the small group SP encounters, peer-assisted learning emerged as a theme. Participants felt they learned from and with each other when performing the evaluation together. Specific to the individual CBS, organization of thoughts emerged as a theme. During the individual CBSs, participants felt they developed, controlled, and organized their thoughts during the evaluation. Conclusions: Both teaching encounters can be integrated into the curriculum of an athletic training program. Each strategy provides students with a nonthreatening educational experience with no harm to patients. In addition, each encounter can correspond to content taught in the classroom or laboratory. The long-term benefits of small group SP encounters and CBSs are unclear, and more research is needed.
Descriptors: Patients, Simulation, Clinical Experience, Case Method (Teaching Technique), Athletics, Allied Health Occupations Education, College Students, Grounded Theory, Semi Structured Interviews, Self Esteem, Reflection, Student Attitudes, Small Group Instruction, Individual Instruction, Peer Teaching, Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A