NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1065992
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
The Social Self in Early Adolescence: Two Longitudinal Investigations in the United States and China
Setoh, Peipei; Qin, Lili; Zhang, Xin; Pomerantz, Eva M.
Developmental Psychology, v51 n7 p949-961 Jul 2015
This research examined how children's inclusion of social personal attributes (e.g., talkative and argumentative) in their views of themselves changes over early adolescence in the United States and China. In 2 studies (N = 825 in Study 1 and 394 in Study 2) using open-ended methods (e.g., completion of "I ... " stems), American and Chinese children described themselves multiple times during the 7th and 8th grades. Conceptions of the self in terms of personal attributes were the norm in both the United States and China, but personal attributes that are social became more common over early adolescence in only the United States. Study 1 indicated that increases in social personal attributes were accompanied by heightened psychological and positive descriptions of the self in both countries. Study 2 ruled out potential confounds (e.g., pubertal status) in the differences in American and Chinese children's use of social personal attributes to define themselves.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation; National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1023170; R01 MH57505