ERIC Number: EJ1065968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Character in Childhood and Early Adolescence: Models and Measurement
Wang, Jun; Hilliard, Lacey J.; Hershberg, Rachel M.; Bowers, Edmond P.; Chase, Paul A.; Champine, Robey B.; Buckingham, Mary H.; Braun, Dylan A.; Gelgoot, Erin S.; Lerner, Richard M.
Journal of Moral Education, v44 n2 p165-197 2015
In recent years, the construct of character has received substantial attention among developmental scientists, but no consensus exists about the content and structure of character, especially among children and early adolescents. In a study of positive development among racially diverse Cub Scouts in the greater Philadelphia area, we assessed the construct and concurrent validity of a new measure of character, the Assessment of Character in Children and Early Adolescents (ACCEA), among 906 Scouts (mean age = 8.84 years, SD = 1.39 years) and 775 non-Scout boys and girls (mean age = 8.92, SD = 1.64). We identified an eight-correlated-factor model as providing the best fit with our data. We further established measurement invariance and explored latent mean differences for ACCEA scores across two Scout groups (with or without a higher-level program leader), non-Scout boys and non-Scout girls. Girls were generally superior than boys on all character attributes. We further examined concurrent validity of ACCEA by correlating the character attributes with youth sense of school competence, intentional self-regulation and parental perception of youth school performance. We discuss implications for future character research and point to the value of the ACCEA measure being used by practitioners in character development programs.
Descriptors: Moral Values, Children, Early Adolescents, Measurement, Youth Programs, Urban Areas, Test Validity, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Scores, Gender Differences, Individual Characteristics, Competence, Self Control, Self Esteem, Parent Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Socioeconomic Status, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Perception Profile for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A