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ERIC Number: EJ1065901
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2158-592X
Culture Clash: Interactions between Afrocultural and Mainstream Cultural Styles in Classrooms Serving African American Students
Rouland, Karmen; Matthews, Jamaal S.; Byrd, Christy M.; Meyer, Rika M. L.; Rowley, Stephanie J.
Interdisciplinary Journal of Teaching and Learning, v4 n3 p186-202 Fall 2014
This study examined the relation between classroom cultural and achievement-related characteristics and their influence on social outcomes in a sample of 74 fifth grade African American youth (41 girls; 33 boys) ages 10-13 years. Trained observers rated classrooms according to Boykin's (Boykin, Tyler, & Miller, 2005) definition of mainstream (competition, individualism, bureaucracy) and Afrocultural (verve, communalism, affect, movement, orality) cultural styles. Classrooms in low-income schools and with more African American students had lower levels of Afrocultural styles. Significant interactions between mainstream and Afrocultural variables suggested that youth in classrooms with high levels of both tend to perform better in reading and mathematics than those in other groups. Afrocultural, but not mainstream, classroom cultural characteristics were positively related to teacher reports of social skills and negatively related to problem behaviors. Implications for instructional practice are discussed.
Southern University and A & M College. College of Education, Arts and Humanities, PO Box 9983, Baton Rouge, LA 70813. Tel: 225-771-2291; Fax: 225-771-2292; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Social Skills Rating System; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: MCJ-370599; MCJ-379154; MCJ-370649; 1 R40 MC 00343