ERIC Number: EJ1065778
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Improvements in Interval Timing on the Mathematics Achievement of Elementary School Students
Taub, Gordon E.; McGrew, Kevin S.; Keith, Timothy Z.
Journal of Research in Childhood Education, v29 n3 p352-366 2015
This article examines the effect of improvements in timing/rhythmicity on mathematics achievement. A total of 86 participants attending 1st through 4th grades completed pre- and posttest measures of mathematics achievement from the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement. Students in the experimental group participated in a 4-week intervention designed to improve their timing/rhythmicity by reducing latency response to a synchronized metronome beat. The intervention required, on average, 18 daily sessions of approximately 50 minutes each. The results from this nonacademic intervention indicate the experimental group's posttest scores on the measures of mathematics were significantly higher than the nontreatment control group's scores. This article proposes an integration of psychometric theory and contemporary information processing theory to provide a context from which to develop preliminary hypotheses to explain how a nonacademic intervention designed to improve timing/rhythmicity can demonstrate a statistically significant effect on students' mathematics achievement scores.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Achievement, Intervals, Time Factors (Learning), Improvement, Standardized Tests, Achievement Tests, Intervention, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Pretests Posttests, Psychometrics, Information Processing, Learning Theories, Statistical Significance, Statistical Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, Short Term Memory, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A