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ERIC Number: EJ1065290
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1450-104X
Relationships between Digestive, Circulatory, and Urinary Systems in Portuguese Primary Textbooks
Carvalho, Graça S.; Clèment, Pierre
Science Education International, v18 n1 p15-24 Mar 2007
In this study, 63 Portuguese primary schoolbooks (1920-2005) were analyzed. The analysis focused on text information (reference to blood absorption and association of the digestive system to other human systems) and on information from images (presence or absence of image "confusion" (when the sequence of the digestive tract is not presented in a clear way, blood absorption representation, and association of the digestive system to other human systems). Results showed that, in general, the text of primary school textbooks (i) refers the nutrients absorption into the blood, (ii) but mentions scarcely the association of the digestive function with the other human functions. The images of the digestive apparatus (i) always present "confusion," (ii) rarely refer to absorption of nutrients into the blood, and (iii) never associate the digestive apparatus with other human systems. A brief comparison with French textbooks showed that they present more straight representations of the digestive tract sequence (no "confusion") and generally do not relate it to blood circulation. Since other studies have also showed that French pupils and teachers usually do not draw this "confusion" and do not associate the digestive process to blood absorption, our results suggest that inadequate images of textbooks may be didactical obstacles to accurate learning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A