ERIC Number: EJ1065212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Brief Report: Theory of Mind, Relational Reasoning, and Social Responsiveness in Children with and without Autism--Demonstration of Feasibility for a Larger-Scale Study
Pruett, John R., Jr.; Kandala, Sridhar; Petersen, Steven E.; Povinelli, Daniel J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n7 p2243-2251 Jul 2015
Understanding the underpinnings of social responsiveness and theory of mind (ToM) will enhance our knowledge of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesize that higher-order relational reasoning (higher-order RR: reasoning necessitating integration of relationships among multiple variables) is necessary but not sufficient for ToM, and that social responsiveness varies independently of higher-order RR. A pilot experiment tested these hypotheses in n = 17 children, 3-14, with and without ASD. No child failing 2nd-order RR passed a false belief ToM test. Contrary to prediction, Social Responsiveness Scale scores did correlate with 2nd-order RR performance, likely due to sample characteristics. It is feasible to translate this comparative cognition-inspired line of inquiry for full-scale studies of ToM, higher-order RR, and social responsiveness in ASD.
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Logical Thinking, Interpersonal Competence, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Feasibility Studies, Thinking Skills, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A