ERIC Number: EJ1065193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Clinical Outcomes of Behavioral Treatments for Pica in Children with Developmental Disabilities
Call, Nathan A.; Simmons, Christina A.; Mevers, Joanna E.; Alvarez, Jessica P.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n7 p2105-2114 Jul 2015
Pica is a potentially deadly form of self-injurious behavior most frequently exhibited by individuals with developmental and intellectual disabilities. Research indicates that pica can be decreased with behavioral interventions; however, the existing literature reflects treatment effects for small samples (n = 1-4) and the overall success of such treatments is not well-understood. This study quantified the overall effect size by examining treatment data from all patients seen for treatment of pica at an intensive day-treatment clinical setting (n = 11), irrespective of treatment success. Results demonstrate that behavioral interventions are highly effective treatments for pica, as determined by the large effect size for individual participants (i.e., NAP scores = 0.70) and large overall treatment effect size (Cohen's d = 1.80).
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Developmental Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Behavior Disorders, Intervention, Behavior Modification, Effect Size, Outcomes of Treatment, Clinics, Program Effectiveness, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A