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ERIC Number: EJ1065080
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Sensitivity to Phonological Universals: The Case of Stops and Fricatives
Tamási, Katalin; Berent, Iris
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v44 n4 p359-381 Aug 2015
Linguistic evidence suggests that syllables like "bdam" (with stop-stop clusters) are less preferred than "bzam" (with stop-fricative combinations). Here, we demonstrate that English speakers manifest similar preferences despite no direct experience with either structure. Experiment 1 elicited syllable count for auditory materials (e.g., does "bzam" have one syllable or two?); Experiment 2 examined the AX discrimination of auditory stimuli (e.g., is "bzam" = "bezam"?); whereas Experiment 3 repeated this task using printed materials. Results showed that syllables that are dispreferred across languages (e.g., "bdam") were prone to misidentification relative to preferred syllables (e.g., "bzam"). The emergence of this pattern irrespective of stimulus modality--for auditory and printed materials--suggests that misidentification does not solely stem from a phonetic failure. Further, the effect remained significant after controlling for various statistical properties of the materials. These results suggest that speakers possess broad linguistic preferences that extend to syllables they have never encountered before.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A