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ERIC Number: EJ1064931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0304-3797
The Problem-Solving Process in Physics as Observed When Engineering Students at University Level Work in Groups
Gustafsson, Peter; Jonsson, Gunnar; Enghag, Margareta
European Journal of Engineering Education, v40 n4 p380-399 2015
The problem-solving process is investigated for five groups of students when solving context-rich problems in an introductory physics course included in an engineering programme. Through transcripts of their conversation, the paths in the problem-solving process have been traced and related to a general problem-solving model. All groups exhibit backward moves to earlier stages in the problem-solving process. These earlier stages are revisited by the groups for identifying sub-problems, setting parameter values or even restating the goal. We interpret this action as coming from the fact that the students have not yet developed a knowledge base and a problem-solving scheme. Connected to the backward moves in the process are opportunities for the group members to build such a knowledge base from contributions and experiences from all group members. Problem contents that induce such moves are identified and can thus be considered by science teachers when constructing problems for group work.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A