ERIC Number: EJ1064867
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Reference Count: 4
Enhancing Students' Understanding of Square Roots
Wiesman, Jeff L.
Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, v20 n9 p556-558 May 2015
Students enrolled in a middle school prealgebra or algebra course often struggle to conceptualize and understand the meaning of radical notation when it is introduced. For example, although it is important for students to approximate the decimal value of a number such as [square root of] 30 and estimate the value of a square root in the form of a[square root of]b, many would struggle with such assignments. Similarly, students frequently have difficulties understanding, remembering, and applying the properties of radicals. As a result, Jeff Wiesman developed an engaging and interactive activity to improve students' knowledge of this foundational mathematical principle. This activity provides an opportunity for students to strengthen their number sense and their ability to estimate, which are skills valued by the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM), NCTM Standards, and local curricula. To be sure, CCSSM standards for eighth-grade mathematics include truncating the decimal expansion of a square root, comparing the size of irrational numbers with rational numbers, and locating an irrational number on a number line (CCSSI 2010). Students enjoy this lesson because it includes a competitive component, which often enhances student motivation (Silver, Strong, and Parini 1997). By using an innovative technique to develop students' conceptual understanding of radicals, Wiesman is also able to promote situational interest and, therefore, improve students' intrinsic motivation to learn (Linnenbrink and Pintrich 2002). Finally, this activity can be used to provide additional practice, feedback, and clarification, which can all help to develop more efficacious students (Margolis and McCabe 2004).
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Teaching Methods, Mathematical Concepts, Algebra, Learning Activities, State Standards, Numbers
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.nctm.org/publications/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A