ERIC Number: EJ1064557
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
School-Based HIV/AIDS Education Is Associated with Reduced Risky Sexual Behaviors and Better Grades with Gender and Race/Ethnicity Differences
Ma, Zhen-qiang; Fisher, Monica A.; Kuller, Lewis H.
Health Education Research, v29 n2 p330-339 Apr 2014
Although studies indicate school-based HIV/AIDS education programs effectively reduce risky behaviors, only 33 states and the District of Columbia in US mandate HIV/AIDS education. Ideally, school-based HIV/AIDS education should begin before puberty, or at the latest before first sexual intercourse. In 2011, 20% US states had fewer schools teaching HIV/AIDS prevention than during 2008; this is worrisome, especially for more vulnerable minorities. A nationally representative sample of 16 410 US high-school students participating in 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey was analyzed. Multiple regression models assessed the association between HIV/AIDS education and risky sexual behaviors, and academic grades. HIV/AIDS education was associated with delayed age at first sexual intercourse, reduced number of sex partners, reduced likelihood to have forced sexual intercourse and better academic grades, for sexually active male students, but not for female students. Both male and female students who had HIV/AIDS education were less likely to inject drugs, drink alcohol or use drugs before last sexual intercourse, and more likely to use condoms. Minority ethnic female students were more likely to have HIV testing. The positive effect of HIV/AIDS education and different gender and race/ethnicity effects support scaling up HIV/AIDS education and further research on the effectiveness of gender--race/ethnicity-specific HIV/AIDS curriculum.
Descriptors: Comprehensive School Health Education, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexuality, Prevention, High School Students, National Surveys, Regression (Statistics), At Risk Persons, Grades (Scholastic), Age Differences, Correlation, Rape, Gender Differences, Drug Abuse, Alcohol Abuse, Health Behavior, Minority Groups, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Sponsor: Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (DHHS/CDC), Atlanta, GA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: CDC-RFA-DP09-9010301PPHF11