ERIC Number: EJ1064535
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Evidence-Based Sexuality Education Programs in Schools: Do They Align with the National Sexuality Education Standards?
Schmidt, Sara C.; Wandersman, Abraham; Hills, Kimberly J.
American Journal of Sexuality Education, v10 n2 p177-195 2015
While many states mandate some type of sexuality education in schools, state legislation varies widely across the United States. Nevertheless, though much has been written about the behavioral outcomes of sexuality education programs shown to be effective at reducing one or more risky sexual behaviors in teenagers, less is known about the exact content taught by these programs, and whether it aligns with national recommendations for sexuality education programming in school. This article reviews the content of evidence-based sexuality education programs in schools (n = 10) from the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) to assess the extent to which programs are following a comprehensive model of sexual health endorsed by the National Sexuality Education Standards. Results indicate that the majority of programs provide education on sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancy, abstinence, and contraceptive use. Far fewer address components related to healthy dating relationships, including interpersonal violence and an understanding of gender roles. No programs address nonheterosexual orientations. Analysis of the programs and implications of the findings are discussed.
Descriptors: Sex Education, National Standards, Alignment (Education), Pregnancy, Sexuality, Contraception, Dating (Social), Interpersonal Relationship, Violence, Sex Role, Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation, Elementary Secondary Education, Databases, Research, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Program Effectiveness, At Risk Persons, Anatomy, Physiology, Emotional Development, Adolescent Development, Puberty, Safety, Health Promotion, Substance Abuse, Communication Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A