ERIC Number: EJ1064005
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
"You've Got to Learn the Rules": A Classroom-Level Look at Low Pass Rates in Developmental Math
Cox, Rebecca D.
Community College Review, v43 n3 p264-286 Jul 2015
Objective: Given the current concern across the United States with improving community-college student outcomes, particularly in developmental education, understanding what students encounter inside developmental education classrooms is a necessary first step. Method: Drawing on data from a study of teaching practices inside developmental math courses at two large, urban-serving community colleges in the Northeast United States, I open up the "black box" of developmental math teaching at the community-college level. Focusing specifically on data gathered through classroom observations, instructor interviews, and curricular artifacts from six sections of developmental math, I explore two distinct curricula as they were enacted in class sessions and through the classroom discourse around solving math problems and analyze the extent to which each approach reflects the recommendations for mathematics instruction advocated by professional mathematics associations. Results: I found that differences in pedagogical goals (and related notions of mathematical proficiency) were integrally linked to differences in the what and how of assessing student learning, and that contrasting approaches to assessment maintain critical implications for accounting for failure inside developmental math classrooms. Contributions: I conclude with insights regarding future research and reform, for developmental math instruction both to realize robust mathematical learning goals and to facilitate students' successful completion of developmental math courses.
Descriptors: Developmental Studies Programs, Remedial Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Two Year College Students, Urban Schools, College Mathematics, Observation, Interviews, Teaching Methods, Teacher Attitudes, Evaluation Methods, Mathematical Concepts, College Faculty
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A