ERIC Number: EJ1063814
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Does an Evidence-Based Healthy Relationships Program for 9th Graders Show Similar Effects for 7th and 8th Graders? Results from 57 Schools Randomized to Intervention
Crooks, C. V.; Scott, K. L.; Broll, R.; Zwarych, S.; Hughes, R.; Wolfe, D. A.
Health Education Research, v30 n3 p513-519 Jun 2015
Integrating social and emotional learning (SEL) programming throughout curricula to support the development of healthy behaviors and prevent violence is critical for a comprehensive approach to school health. This study used a post-test comparison design to evaluate a healthy relationships program for eighth grade students that applies a SEL approach. The program was adapted from the Fourth R, an evidence-based program for ninth graders, but matches the curriculum and developmental context for eighth graders. Surveys were collected post-intervention from 1012 students within 57 schools randomized to intervention or control conditions. Multivariate multilevel analysis accounted for the nested nature of students within schools. There were significant group differences on three of four outcomes following intervention, including improved knowledge about violence, critical thinking around the impact of violence, and identification of more successful coping strategies. There was no group difference on general acceptance of violence. Overall, students learned relevant information and strategies and were able to apply that knowledge to demonstrate critical thinking, suggesting that adapting an evidence-based approach for use with younger students provided similar benefits. These findings build a case for 2 years of consecutive evidence-based healthy relationships programming in grades 8 and 9, consistent with best practice guidelines.
Descriptors: Health Programs, Health Promotion, Interpersonal Competence, Middle School Students, Junior High School Students, Socialization, Emotional Development, Violence, Prevention, Intervention, Student Surveys, Control Groups, Multivariate Analysis, Knowledge Level, Instructional Program Divisions, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Outcomes of Education, Critical Thinking, Coping, Best Practices, Evidence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 7; Elementary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A