ERIC Number: EJ1063750
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Transactional Patterns of Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Mother-Child Mutual Negativity in an Adoption Sample
Roben, Caroline K. P.; Moore, Ginger A.; Cole, Pamela M.; Molenaar, Peter; Leve, Leslie D.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Reiss, David; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.
Infant and Child Development, v24 n3 p322-342 May-Jun 2015
Transactional models of analysis can examine both moment-to-moment interactions within a dyad and dyadic patterns of influence across time. This study used data from a prospective adoption study to test a transactional model of parental depressive symptoms and mutual negativity between mother and child over time, utilizing contingency analysis of second-by-second behavioral data. To consider both genetic and environmental influences on mutual negativity, depressive symptoms were examined in both adoptive and birth mothers. Adoptive mother depressive symptoms at 9?months increased the likelihood that, at 18?months, children reacted negatively to their mothers' negative behavior, which in turn predicted higher levels of adoptive mother depressive symptoms at 27?months, suggesting that over time, mothers' depressive symptoms influence and are influenced by moment-to-moment mutual negativity with their toddlers. Birth mother depressive symptoms moderated the association between mutual negativity at 18?months and adoptive mother depressive symptoms at 27?months, suggesting a child-driven contribution to maternal depressive symptoms that can be measured by a genetic sensitivity.
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Parent Child Relationship, Adoption, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mother Attitudes, Negative Attitudes, Parent Influence, Toddlers, Genetics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 HD042608|R01 MH092118|F31 MH088015