ERIC Number: EJ1063726
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Reference Count: 19
Commentary: Memory Development: Halfway There?
Newcombe, Nora S.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v39 n4 p304-305 Jul 2015
The study of development vacillates between a focus on change (i.e., studying how and why infants are so different from adults) and excitement about early competence and continuity (i.e., studying how capable infants are, and marveling at how similar they turn out to be to adults). The study of memory development has been no exception. This article discusses the findings and shortcomings of several studies that focus on memory development in infants. Areas of focus include: (1) Infantile amnesia; (2) Explicit memory with the subtypes semantic and episodic memory; (3) Nonspatial relational memory, spatial relational memory, and episodic memory; and (4) Unitary representations and separated representations. Recommendations for future research include studying the role of age-related changes in sleep patterns in creating age-related changes in hippocampally-dependent memory functions, as well as whether changes in memory after the age of 4 years are entirely linked to change at the cortical level. While researchers are tantalizingly on the brink of exciting breakthroughs in the understanding of the development of memory and the relation of behavioral and neural change, there is much that is still not understood.
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Development, Infants, Semantics, Spatial Ability, Neurosciences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Age Differences, Role, Developmental Stages, Scientific Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
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