ERIC Number: EJ1063554
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
The Test-Optional Movement at America's Selective Liberal Arts Colleges: A Boon for Equity or Something Else?
Belasco, Andrew S.; Rosinger, Kelly O.; Hearn, James C.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v37 n2 p206-223 Jun 2015
The test-optional movement in the United States emerged largely in response to criticism of standardized admissions tests as inadequate and potentially biased measures of postsecondary promise. Although anecdotal reports suggest that test-optional policies have improved campus diversity, empirical research has not yet confirmed this claim. Consequently, this study employs quasi-experimental techniques to assess the relationship between test-optional policy implementation and subsequent growth in the proportion of low-income and minority students enrolling at adopting liberal arts colleges. It also examines whether test-optional policies increase institutional standing through greater application numbers and higher reported Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores. Results show that, on average, test-optional policies enhance the perceived selectivity, rather than the diversity, of participating institutions.
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Test Bias, Evaluation Methods, Quasiexperimental Design, Liberal Arts, College Students, School Policy, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, Enrollment Trends, Low Income Groups, College Admission, Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, College Applicants, Grants, Student Financial Aid
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Pell Grant Program
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; SAT (College Admission Test)