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ERIC Number: EJ1063531
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0265-6590
Outcomes and Predictors in Preschoolers with Speech-Language and/or Developmental Mobility Impairments
Washington, Karla N.; Thomas-Stonell, Nancy; McLeod, Sharynne; Warr-Leeper, Genese
Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v31 n2 p141-157 Jun 2015
The purpose of this article is to describe communicative-participation outcomes measured by the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS©; Thomas-Stonell et al., 2013) for interventions provided by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in different community settings for preschoolers with speech-language impairments (Sp/LI) with and without developmental mobility impairments (MI). The predictive relationships between communicative-participation and (1) functioning-and-disability, and (2) contextual factors, was also investigated. Sixty-one preschoolers with Sp/LI and their parents participated. Twenty-six preschoolers were identified with Sp/LI and received speech-language interventions (Group 1), 20 preschoolers were identified with Sp/LI and MI and received speech-language interventions (Group 2), and 15 preschoolers with Sp/LI awaiting intervention served as waitlist controls (Group 3). Parents completed structured interviews about children's communicative-participation outcomes using the FOCUS© at three time points (pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 3-months post-intervention) with an SLP. Only Groups 1 and 2 experienced statistically and clinically meaningful communicative-participation outcomes over time as measured by the FOCUS©. Pre- to post-intervention communicative-participation was predicted by functioning-and-disability and contextual factors, initial social skills and intervention status, respectively. Post-intervention to 3-month post-intervention scores were also predicted by functioning-and-disability and contextual factors, risk status (Sp/LI only, Sp/LI+developmental MI) and intervention status, respectively. Significant and clinically meaningful changes in communicative-participation over time are associated with speech-language interventions for preschoolers with Sp/LI.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada