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ERIC Number: EJ1063234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Pedagogical Cues Encourage Toddlers' Transmission of Recently Demonstrated Functions to Unfamiliar Adults
Vredenburgh, Christopher; Kushnir, Tamar; Casasola, Marianella
Developmental Science, v18 n4 p645-654 Jul 2015
Young children use pedagogical cues as a signal that others' actions are social or cultural conventions. Here we show that children selectively "transmit" (enact in a new social situation) causal functions demonstrated pedagogically, even when they have learned and can produce alternative functions as well. Two-year-olds saw two novel toys, each with two functions. One experimenter demonstrated one function using pedagogical cues (eye contact and child-directed speech) and a second experimenter demonstrated the alternative function using intentional actions towards the object, but without pedagogical cues. Children imitated both functions at equal rates initially, indicating equal causal learning from both types of demonstration. However, they were significantly more likely to enact the pedagogical function for a new adult not present during the initial demonstrations. These results indicate that pedagogical cues influence children's transmission of information, perhaps playing a role in the dissemination of cultural conventions from a young age.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1023179|0349183|0721238