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ERIC Number: EJ1063190
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: EISSN-2164-3989
Standardizing the Pre-Licensure Supervision Process: A Commentary on Advocating for Direct Observation of Skills
Gray, Neal D.; Erickson, Paul
Professional Counselor, v3 n1 p34-39 2013
The present paper advocates for standardized regulations and laws for supervision of pre-licensed counselors in the United States, particularly for direct observation of clinical skills. A review of regulations by the American Counseling Association (ACA) Office of Professional Affairs (2012) reveals that only two states (Arizona and North Carolina) specify requiring supervision interventions that include the use of reviewing audio or videotapes, or live supervision modalities, to help evaluate pre-licensed counselors' competence. Literature on the current state of regulations, extant research on supervision practices, and effects on satisfaction with supervision and self-efficacy are presented and framed in terms of standardized policy.
National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates. 3 Terrace Way, Greensboro, NC 27403. Tel: 336-547-0607; Fax: 336-547-0017; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A