NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1063131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0271-8294
Environmental Language Factors in Theory of Mind Development: Evidence from Children Who Are Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing or Who Have Specific Language Impairment
Stanzione, Christopher; Schick, Brenda
Topics in Language Disorders, v34 n4 p296-312 Oct-Dec 2014
Theory of Mind (ToM) is a foundational skill related to understanding the thoughts, beliefs, and desires of oneself and others. There are child factors that play an important role in the development of ToM (e.g., language and vocabulary) as well as environmental factors (e.g., conversations among family members and socioeconomic status). In this review, we discuss the role of language in ToM and include the nature of social interactions that scaffold ToM development. We review research on deaf and hard-of-hearing children and children with specific language impairment; 2 groups who experience difficulties with language for different reasons, but both encounter deficits in ToM development. Finally, we conclude with examples of how clinicians can easily assess a child's ToM abilities and offer empirical evidence that aspects of ToM can be scaffolded with explicit instruction.
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Available from: Wolters Kluwer. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Tel: 800-638-3030; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A