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ERIC Number: EJ1063075
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: EISSN-2158-592X
School Discipline Disproportionality: Culturally Competent Interventions for African American Males
Simmons-Reed, Evette A.; Cartledge, Gwendolyn
Interdisciplinary Journal of Teaching and Learning, v4 n2 p95-109 Sum 2014
Exclusionary policies are practiced widely in schools despite being associated with extremely poor outcomes for culturally and linguistically diverse students, particularly African American males with and without disabilities. This article discusses zero tolerance policies, the related research questioning their basic assumptions, and the negative effects on students in special education and the larger society. Behavioral and academic interventions also are discussed relative to evidence of effectiveness, potential outcomes, and culturally responsive applications.
Southern University and A & M College. College of Education, Arts and Humanities, PO Box 9983, Baton Rouge, LA 70813. Tel: 225-771-2291; Fax: 225-771-2292; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A