ERIC Number: EJ1062623
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Increased Exposure to Rigid Routines Can Lead to Increased Challenging Behavior Following Changes to Those Routines
Bull, Leah E.; Oliver, Chris; Callaghan, Eleanor; Woodcock, Kate A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n6 p1569-1578 Jun 2015
Several neurodevelopmental disorders are associated with preference for routine and challenging behavior following changes to routines. We examine individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome, who show elevated levels of this behavior, to better understand how previous experience of a routine can affect challenging behavior elicited by disruption to that routine. Play based challenges exposed 16 participants to routines, which were either adhered to or changed. Temper outburst behaviors, heart rate and movement were measured. As participants were exposed to routines for longer before a change (between 10 and 80 min; within participants), more temper outburst behaviors were elicited by changes. Increased emotional arousal was also elicited, which was indexed by heart rate increases not driven by movement. Further study will be important to understand whether current intervention approaches that limit exposure to changes, may benefit from the structured integration of flexibility to ensure that the opportunity for routine establishment is also limited.
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Problems, Behavior Patterns, Repetition, Aggression, Metabolism, Change, Emotional Response
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A