ERIC Number: EJ1062556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
Sketching to Remember: Episodic Free Recall Task Support for Child Witnesses and Victims with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Mattison, Michelle L. A.; Dando, Coral J.; Ormerod, Thomas C.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n6 p1751-1765 Jun 2015
Deficits in episodic free-recall memory performance have been reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet best practice dictates that child witness/victim interviews commence with a free-recall account. No "tools" exist to support children with ASD to freely recall episodic information. Here, the efficacy of a novel retrieval technique, Sketch reinstatement of context (Sketch-RC), is compared with mental reinstatement of context and a no support control. Ninety children (45 with ASD; 45 matched typically developing) viewed a stimulus film, and were interviewed using one of the aforementioned techniques. The Sketch-RC technique was most effective, improving ASD participants' remembering without a concomitant increase in intrusions. This procedure offers a population-appropriate method for supporting free recall in criminal justice settings.
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Law Enforcement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Victims, Films, Best Practices, Justice, Interviews, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A