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ERIC Number: EJ1062443
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Pages: 35
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0361-0365
Leaving Home State for College: Differences by Race/Ethnicity and Parental Education
Niu, Sunny X.
Research in Higher Education, v56 n4 p325-359 Jun 2015
Using the College Board SAT registration and questionnaire data of 2010 high school graduating seniors, we found clear patterns by race/ethnicity and parental education on two outcomes: out-of-state score-sending and out-of-state college attendance. White students had the highest rates and Hispanic students had the lowest rates, and there was a clear gradient by parental education with the students with college-educated parents having the highest rates of out-of-state score sending and college attendance. Substantial differences by race/ethnicity and parental education still persist after considering students' family income, academic preparation, high school characteristics and state of residence. State-specific estimates show that Hispanic and Asian students' low likelihood of out-of-state college-going based on all SAT takers are largely driven by students' choices in a few states where they are highly concentrated or their presence are substantial. In contrast, the concentration of Black students and presence of HBCUs in a state seem irrelevant to whether Black students stay or leave home states for college. It seems that high performing Black and Hispanic students and those with parents lacking a Bachelor's degree gained much in their access to a private and selective college by leaving their home states.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)