ERIC Number: EJ1062415
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Physical Education Cultures in Sweden: Fitness, Sports, Dancing … Learning?
Larsson, Håkan; Karlefors, Inger
Sport, Education and Society, v20 n5 p573-587 2015
In a significant article from 1993, Crum describes the purpose of physical education (PE) as a "planned introduction into movement culture". In broad terms, this purpose is tantamount to the stated purpose of Swedish PE in national steering documents. Crum contends, however, that physical educators do not prioritise learning, which is largely due to the different "movement cultures" that constitute the PE lessons. This article explores how practice unfolds in movement cultures that are included in Swedish PE and their implications for teaching and learning in the subject. Some 30 (indoor) PE lessons in eight secondary schools in four cities throughout Sweden were video recorded. At "first glance" these lessons indicated the prevalence of four logics of practice: a physical training logic, a sports logic, a sport technique logic and a dance logic. However, further analysis revealed that the teachers' and students' actions were not entirely in line with a logic of practice of training the body, winning the game, learning sporting skills or learning to dance. Instead, the PE practice largely unfolded as a "looks-like-practice", where the purpose of teaching was blurred, and where any "planned introduction into movement culture" was difficult to identify. In the final section, the authors discuss how physical activity logics can be recontextualised in a PE setting in order to emphasise the educational contribution of PE.
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Fitness, Foreign Countries, Movement Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Processes, Secondary School Students, Video Technology, Educational Practices, Dance Education, Team Sports, Educational Change
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden