ERIC Number: EJ1062409
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Affective Self-Regulation Trajectories during Secondary School Predict Substance Use among Urban Minority Young Adults
Griffin, Kenneth W.; Lowe, Sarah R.; Acevedo, Bianca P.; Botvin, Gilbert J.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v24 n4 p228-234 2015
This study explored the relationship between trajectories of affective self-regulation skills during secondary school and young adult substance use in a large multiethnic, urban sample (N = 995). During secondary school, participants completed a measure of cognitive and behavioral skills used to control negative, unpleasant emotions or perceived stress. As young adults, participants reported on the frequency and quantity of their alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in a telephone interview. Controlling for demographic variables, self-regulation did not significantly change over adolescence, although there was significant variation in participants' rates of growth and decline. Lower seventh-grade self-regulation and less steep increases in self-regulation were predictive of higher young adult substance use. Male participants had significantly lower initial self-regulation and higher young adult substance use. The results suggest that interventions that build affective self-regulation skills in adolescence may decrease the risk of young adult substance use.
Descriptors: Correlation, Self Control, Affective Behavior, Secondary School Students, Young Adults, Substance Abuse, Urban Areas, Cognitive Processes, Behavior, Emotional Response, Stress Management, Drinking, Smoking, Marijuana, Interviews, Adolescents, Predictor Variables, Gender Differences, Intervention, At Risk Persons, Minority Groups, Prevention, Comprehensive School Health Education, Questionnaires, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Statistical Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Grades (Scholastic), Age Differences, Family Structure, Socioeconomic Status, Likert Scales
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R21AA016531|R01DA023890