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ERIC Number: EJ1062400
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1558-2159
Propensity Score Stratification Using Multilevel Models to Examine Charter School Achievement Effects
Xiang, Yun; Tarasawa, Beth
Journal of School Choice, v9 n2 p179-196 2015
The rapid expansion of charter schools reflects a growing interest in education reform and school turnaround efforts across the United States. However, national research on charter school performance remains inconclusive. Of particular debate is the impact of transferring from a traditional public school to a charter school on student achievement and growth. We employ propensity score stratification and multilevel models to balance key covariates between treatment and control groups of a cross-state sample of students, which provides a more complex picture of charter school achievement effects in a quasi-experimental context. We find that charter school students perform consistently better on standardized mathematic achievement measures, and some students grow faster than their traditional public school peers, although the differences are modest. Furthermore, our application of propensity score stratification using multilevel models reduces selection bias which arises from confounding variables and improves the accuracy of charter school effect estimations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado; Delaware; Minnesota; New Mexico; Oklahoma; South Carolina; Wisconsin