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ERIC Number: EJ1062169
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
The Heuristic Method, Precursor of Guided Inquiry: Henry Armstrong and British Girls' Schools, 1890-1920
Rayner-Canham, Geoff; Rayner-Canham, Marelene
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n3 p463-466 Mar 2015
Though guided-inquiry learning, discovery learning, student-centered learning, and problem-based learning are commonly believed to be recent new approaches to the teaching of chemistry, in fact, the concept dates back to the late 19th century. Here, we will show that it was the British chemist, Henry Armstrong, who pioneered this technique, calling it the heuristic method of instruction. It became widely used in Britain (and Japan), especially in British girls' schools. Here, we trace the origin, success, and later decline of the application of heurism to chemistry laboratory teaching in Britain and highlight the role of women chemistry teachers. Finally, we briefly review the independent development of the guided-inquiry method for chemistry laboratory work in the United States.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States