ERIC Number: EJ1062150
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Do Hours Spent Viewing Television at Ages 3 and 4 Predict Vocabulary and Executive Functioning at Age 5?
Blankson, A. Nayena; O'Brien, Marion; Leerkes, Esther M.; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart D.
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, v61 n2 Article 3 p264-289 Apr 2015
We examined the impact of television viewing at ages 3 and 4 on vocabulary and at age 5 on executive functioning in the context of home learning environment and parental scaffolding. Children (N = 263) were seen in the lab when they were 3 years old and then again at ages 4 and 5. Parents completed measures assessing child television viewing and the home environment at ages 3 and 4, and mother--child interaction was observed during a problem-solving task. At age 5, children completed measures of vocabulary and executive functioning. Results indicated that although the amount of television viewing was negatively related to vocabulary and executive functioning, this association was no longer significant once background variables, home learning environment, and parental scaffolding were taken into consideration. Parental scaffolding emerged as a primary predictor of vocabulary above demographic covariates. Implications of the research are discussed in terms of recommendations for parents regarding television viewing by preschool children.
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Age Differences, Family Environment, Parent Child Relationship, Interaction, Mothers, Observation, Problem Solving, Executive Function, Correlation, Predictor Variables, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Child Development, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Child Care Centers, Socioeconomic Status, Racial Differences, Family Income, Questionnaires, Scores, Coding, Numbers, Recall (Psychology)
Wayne State University Press. The Leonard N. Simons Building, 4809 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201-1309. Tel: 800-978-7323; Fax: 313-577-6131; Web site: http://wsupress.wayne.edu/journals/merrill/merrillj.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5R01HD050806