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ERIC Number: EJ1062139
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 20
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1085-4568
U. S. Government Factors Influencing an Expansion of Study Abroad in the Middle East/North Africa
Lane-Toomey, Cara
Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, v24 p121-140 Fall 2014
As the United States continued to grow as a world power throughout the later part of the twentieth century, government funding for international education grew more closely connected to its national security needs. Federal funds have contributed to the growth of Area Studies and studying Less Commonly Taught Languages (LCTLs). Within the last ten years the U.S. study abroad population selecting the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has grown by over 500% from 2000/01 to 2008/09. This remarkable growth is occurring at the same time as national security and foreign policy goals of the United States have become increasingly focused on the MENA region. Many scholars have marked events of September 11, 2001 as a critical point in U.S. history in regards to the explosion of general academic concern about the MENA region and the need for governmental personnel who are well trained in critical languages and Middle East Studies. This study therefore examines several concepts drawn from a survey of U.S. study abroad students in the MENA region and in destinations in Western Europe and Australia conducted during the fall of 2010. Employing a historical review, this research described how government has played a role in the expansion of study abroad in this area of the world by increasing the amount of area and language education available at U.S. institutions. In addition, this review has demonstrated ways in which the U.S. government has provided funds for students to study abroad in regions of the world which relate to current national security needs; areas which often are outside of the common destinations in Western Europe and Australia. (The study contains a bibliography.)
Frontiers Journal. Dickinson College P.O. Box 1773, Carlisle, PA 17013. Tel: 717-254-8858; Fax: 717-245-1677; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt; Jordan; Morocco