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ERIC Number: EJ1062136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Augustus Matthiessen and His Contributions to Chemistry
Reif-Acherman, Simo´n
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n3 p467-475 Mar 2015
The British scientist Augustus Matthiessen (1831-1870) is widely known for his investigations on the influence of temperature on the electric conductivity of metals and alloys. However, his contributions to other areas of science throughout his career are not widely acknowledged. His research on the electrolytic decomposition of metallic salts resulted in the isolation of pure alkali and alkaline earth metals--including calcium, magnesium, strontium, and lithium--as well as the identification of some of their properties. His studies on the definitive composition and formulas of a group of alkaloids and the products resulting from their decomposition contributed to the establishment and definition of a general and consistent system of nomenclature for organic compounds in the 19th century.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom