ERIC Number: EJ1062108
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
But: Do Age and Working Memory Influence Conventional Implicature Processing?
Janssens, Leen; Drooghmans, Stephanie; Schaeken, Walter
Journal of Child Language, v42 n3 p695-708 May 2015
Conventional implicatures are omnipresent in daily life communication but experimental research on this topic is sparse, especially research with children. The aim of this study was to investigate if eight- to twelve-year-old children spontaneously make the conventional implicature induced by "but," "so," and "nevertheless" in "p but q" sentences. Additionally, the study aimed to shed light on the cognitive effort required for these inferences by measuring working memory (WM) capacity. Our results show that children do make these inferences to a certain extent, but are sensitive to the content of the arguments. We found a significant effect of sentence type, but did not observe any developmental effect, nor any effect of WM: a higher age or WM capacity does not result in more pragmatic inferences.
Descriptors: Age Differences, Short Term Memory, Children, Preadolescents, Sentences, Cognitive Processes, Inferences, Developmental Stages, Pragmatics, Language Skills, Language Usage
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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