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ERIC Number: EJ1062050
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 20
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 20
ISSN: ISSN-1085-4568
Assessing Global Awareness over Short-Term Study Abroad Sequence: A Factor Analysis
Kurt, Mark R.; Olitsky, Neal H.; Geis, Paul
Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, v23 p22-41 Fall 2013
Academic study abroad programs are uniquely equipped to give students the opportunities to achieve outcomes for global citizenship (Langran, Langran, and Ozment 2009). These programs take students outside the confines of their home institutions and expose students to new cultures and languages while integrating academic content to enhance the learning experience. Due to this sharpening focus on global citizenship, the increase in participation in study abroad programs is unsurprising. In the 2009-2010 academic year, over 270,000 U.S. undergraduates chose to study outside the U.S., an increase of 88% over the past 10 years (Chow and Villarreal 2011). Of these students, more than 153,000 participated in a short-term study abroad (STSA) program (Chow and Villarreal 2011). The present study furthers general understanding of the relationship between STSA and changes in students' levels of global awareness. Students enrolled in an STSA sequence consisting of a one-credit hour preparatory course and a four-credit hour study abroad experience, are surveyed at three distinct points: prior to receiving any instruction, after a one-credit hour preparatory course but prior to the four-credit hour study abroad course, and upon return to the home institution at the conclusion of the STSA experience. The authors perform exploratory factor analysis on the individual survey items and generate five uncorrelated factors: general global awareness, functional knowledge, foreign media exposure, communication and culture, and foreign language exposure. Their results indicate that students' levels of global awareness are significantly larger after the STSA program in three of the five factors: general global awareness, functional knowledge, and foreign media exposure compared both to the initial sample and to the sample taken after the one-hour preparatory course. However, levels of global awareness do not increase uniformly over the sequence; for a vast majority of the survey items and factors, participation in the one-hour preparatory course has no significant effect on students' global awareness.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina