ERIC Number: EJ1061996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Solving Developmental Tasks in Adolescents with a Chronic Physical Illness or Physical/Sensory Disability: A Meta-Analysis
Pinquart, Martin; Pfeiffer, Jens P.
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, v62 n3 p249-264 2015
Chronic illnesses and disabilities may impair the attainment of age-typical developmental tasks, such as forming relationships with peers and gaining autonomy. Based on a systematic search in electronic databases and cross-referencing, 447 quantitative empirical studies were included which compared the attainment of developmental tasks of adolescents with and without chronic physical illness or physical/sensory disability. Adolescents with chronic illness or disability had more problems than healthy/nondisabled peers with regard to autonomy, body acceptance, developing friendships and romantic relationships, gaining access to a peer-group, career preparation, preparing for family life and developing socially responsible behaviour. However, between-group differences were small. No between-group differences were found regarding gender role acquisition and identity development. Success in solving developmental tasks varied, in part, by disease group, visibility of the disease/disability, age, gender and representativeness of the sample. Interventions aimed at promoting the attainment of developmental tasks are recommended.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Chronic Illness, Physical Disabilities, Perceptual Impairments, Meta Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Adolescent Development, Personal Autonomy, Human Body, Self Concept, Friendship, Interpersonal Relationship, Peer Relationship, Career Development, Family Life, Social Development, Social Responsibility, Gender Differences, Sex Role, Identification (Psychology), Diseases, Age Differences, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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