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ERIC Number: EJ1061978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0196-5042
English Language Learners' Educational Resilience and Classroom Learning Environment
Rivera, Héctor; Waxman, Hersh C.; Powers, Robert
Educational Research Quarterly, v35 n4 p57-78 Jun 2012
Resilience is an area of research that has important implications for the educational improvement of English Language Learners (ELLs) because it focuses on ELLs who are successful in school despite the presence of adverse conditions such as living in economically- and socially-disadvantaged circumstances. This study compared the classroom and instructional learning environment of 189 fourth- and fifth-grade resilient, average and nonresilient ELLs. Resilient and average students perceived significantly (p < 0.05) more competition in the classroom than nonresilient students, while nonresilient students and average students perceived their reading classes to be significantly (p < 0.05) more difficult than resilient students. The classroom observation results revealed that resilient and average students were on task significantly (p < 0.001) more than nonresilient students.
Behavioral Research Press. Grambling State University, Math Department, P.O. Box 1191, Grambling, LA 71245. Tel: 318-274-2425; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A