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ERIC Number: EJ1061886
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 147
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
To Confirm or to Conform? Performance Goals as a Regulator of Conflict with More-Competent Others
Sommet, Nicolas; Darnon, Céline; Butera, Fabrizio
Journal of Educational Psychology, v107 n2 p580-598 May 2015
Despite the fact that most competence-relevant settings are "socially" relevant settings, the interpersonal effects of achievement goals have been understudied. This is all the more surprising in the case of performance goals, for which self-competence is assessed using an other-referenced standard. In the present research, performance goals are conceived as a social tool for regulating interpersonal behaviors with more-competent others. In the confrontation with a more- (vs. equally) competent disagreeing partner, performance-approach goals (focus on approaching normative competence) should be associated with more-dominant behavior (i.e., competitive conflict regulation), whereas performance-avoidance goals (focus on avoiding normative incompetence) should be associated with more-submissive behavior (i.e., protective conflict regulation). Four studies give support to these predictions with self-reported conflict regulation measures (Studies 1 and 3) and evaluation of models associated with self-confirmation and compliance (Study 2) and conflict regulation behaviors (Study 4). Theoretical contributions to both the literature on achievement goals and that on socio-cognitive conflict, as well as practical implications for the issue of competence asymmetry in educational settings, are discussed.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; Switzerland