ERIC Number: EJ1061630
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Preliminary Study of Grade Forecasting by Students
Armstrong, Michael J.
Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, v11 n2 p193-210 Apr 2013
This experiment enabled undergraduate business students to better assess their progress in a course by quantitatively forecasting their own end-of-course grades. This innovation provided them with predictive feedback in addition to the outcome feedback they were already receiving. A total of 144 students forecast their grades using an instructor-prepared spreadsheet, and then responded to a brief survey. Of these participants, 29% said the forecast grades were lower than expected, while 6% said they were higher. Subsequent to the forecast, 47% of the respondents said they were studying more than planned, while 3% said they were studying less. The relative difference between the students' forecast grades and their prior expectations showed no direct influence on subsequent motivation or studying effort. Instead, increased studying was reported by students who had experienced increased anxiety, increased motivation, or positive impressions subsequent to the forecasting experience, as well as by students who had received low absolute grade forecasts.
Descriptors: Grade Prediction, Case Studies, Undergraduate Students, Statistical Analysis, Predictive Validity, Feedback (Response), Spreadsheets, Student Surveys, Achievement Rating, Time Factors (Learning), Expectation, Learning Motivation, Educational Practices, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A