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ERIC Number: EJ1061360
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-6001
"So You Are from England": Categorization and Cultural Reduction in First-Time Conversation Lounge Encounters between Foreign Teachers and Japanese Students of EFL
Nao, Marion
Applied Linguistics, v36 n2 p194-214 May 2015
The article explores "culture talk" at the outset of first-time encounters between teachers and students of English as a foreign language in the conversation lounge of a Japanese university. It analyses the interactional procedures by which the foreign place of origin of the teacher becomes the topic of conversation following his or her initial categorization by the Japanese students, for example, "so you are from England". In doing so, it draws on Maynard and Zimmerman's (1984) analytic framework of pre-topical sequences used by unacquainted participants to uncover other-identifying information. This is reclassified to accommodate the prior knowledge of the Japanese students of the teachers' foreign origins, as emergent in categorization. Having been granted the pre-allocated right to nominate topic through guidelines on use of the lounge, the students further adopt a wanting-to-know framing of conversation, by which they orient to the teacher's own expertise, as rooted in his or her biographical information preserve (Goffman 1971). Knowledge of the foreign country is seen to be asymmetrically distributed by the participants, with observably reductive effects on both interactional dynamics and cultural representation.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan