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ERIC Number: EJ1061184
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0144-3410
Test-Enhanced Learning in Third-Grade Children
Jaeger, Antonio; Eisenkraemer, Raquel Eloísa; Stein, Lilian Milnitsky
Educational Psychology, v35 n4 p513-521 2015
Several recent studies have shown that retrieval is more efficient than restudy in enhancing the long-term retention of memories. However, studies investigating this effect in children are still rare. Here, we report an experiment in which third-grade children initially read a brief encyclopaedic text twice and then either performed a cued recall test on selected target contents of the text or reread the same text twice. A final four-choice memory test about the text's contents was administered to all children after seven days as well as tests measuring their IQ and reading skills. In the final four-choice memory test, children who took the initial cued recall test showed significantly greater performance in comparison with children who restudied the text twice (their responses were 87 and 53% correct, respectively). The results suggest that cued recall tests can elicit very robust testing effects in young children, even when complex, educationally relevant materials are used as stimuli.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices